Indoor gardening is the procedure to cultivate desirable plants indoors. There are different purposes and sites. Some of them are decoration, a feeling of peace and privacy, or indoor air quality.
At residence places, mostly vegetables or herbs are grown for indoor gardening. Our examples of indoor gardening include container gardening and hydroponic gardening.
Best 10 Plants For Indoor Gardening
1. Chinese Evergreen Plant
One of the most popular plants used for indoor gardening is the Chinese evergreen plant because of its easy cultivation. The suitable conditions of temperature, light, and humidity for this indoor plant are natural to achieve.
The Chinese evergreen plant can survive even in severe conditions of poor light, drought, and hot dry air. Chinese evergreen plant exists in different forms and varieties.
Although Chinese evergreen is tolerant of harsh conditions, incredible results can see if you will follow these tips:
It is preferable to place this plant in well-drained soil, having an equal amount of potting mud, sand, and perlite. For the Chinese evergreen plant, the light of low intensity or indirect sun exposure is suitable.
A temperature lower than 16°C is not ideal for this indoor plant, but it can tolerate temperatures ranging from 10-13°C.
Always make sure to water the plant to a moderate level- not too little nor too much. The plant will suffer root rot in case of overwatering. Trim the plant from time to time. The older Evergreen indoor plants should fertilize at least once or twice a year.
2. Snake Plant
The indoor plant that will enhance the beauty of your home is the snake plant. The Snake Indoor Plant is comparatively easy to cultivate and even can survive in harsh conditions.
Direct sunlight exposure is not preferable for this beautiful indoor plant. Light watering is a suggestion for the snake plant.
The leaves of this indoor plant look fresh even after ignoring them for weeks. The snake plants can also survive in low light conditions. NASA research has shown that the indoor snake plant is beneficial as it removes toxic compounds such as formaldehyde and benzene out of your home.
The critical point to remember about the snake plant is they are easily susceptible to root rot. The snake plants are evergreen and tend to grow anywhere. The height ranges from 8 inches to 12 feet.
The dividing is the easiest way for the propagation of an indoor snake plant. An adequate amount of the best fertilizer is helpful for growth when the plant is growing in a pot.
3. Coffee Plant
Coffee plants are not only beautiful, but their cultivation is also very easy. In water shortage, the indoor coffee plant may dry but will be normal again after proper watering.
It is easy to take care of the coffee plant. The selection of a coffee plant for indoor gardening is a beautiful addition.
The fundamental condition for the coffee plant is the presence of bright but not direct sunlight. The plant is unable to withstand low temperatures below freezing. A consistent temperature below 18°C is also not the right circumstance for indoor coffee plants.
The coffee plant requires moist soil, so avoid the soaking wet ground. It is necessary to check the proper drainage of both soil and container of the plant. High humid air is also perfect for it. The water requirement of plants reduces in winter as compared to summer.
During the summer and spring seasons, a balanced fertilizer is preferable for fertilizing the plant after each two to three months. If the coffee plant is happy, it has a growth tendency up to a height of 6 feet. The early spring is the best time to trim your beautiful indoor coffee plant.
The time required for a coffee plant to mature and blossom is three to five years. After this period, you will be able to get a few coffee beans to make a coffee as a fun toy.
4. Staghorn Fern
The best condition for staghorn fern is moderate moisture. The staghorn fern also requires bright but indirect light exposure. Direct sunlight exposure is not well for this indoor plant. Staghorn ferns can’t survive in artificial light.
The best way to moist your staghorn ferns is to use a spray bottle. For watering the roots, the base is dipped in a basin for one minute and allowed to dry in the air completely. The amount and conditions of humidity and temperature determine the plan of watering.
During the hot, dry season, water your plant at least once a week. In the cold weather, water the plant after every two to three weeks. If the atmosphere is much humid, then less watering is preferred. If the climate is hot, more watering is necessary.
During the summer season, take much care of the staghorn fern. Although most species of this plant are tolerant of drought, yet it is compulsory to mist the plant regularly during the hot season.
The indoor staghorn fern is considerably resistant to root rot and drought in comparison to other indoor plants. It is essential to soak the plant roots in a basin or sink for three to five minutes, but make sure to avoid over-watering.
Don’t forget to air dry the plant after watering, especially during the winter season.
The plant can withstand maximum temperature up to 100°C but not lesser than 50°C. To improve the growth rate of the indoor staghorn fern, the proper use of fertilizers is essential. The staghorn fern is used on the walls for decorative objectives in residential homes.
5. Weeping Fig
The indoor weeping fig is an evergreen plant having large, broad leaves. The plant grows in tropical and subtropical atmospheres. Weeping fig is a more used indoor plant. The plant can even survive under challenging conditions of limited light.
The plant has a beautiful colored light gray trunk with dark-colored glossy leaves. The weeping fig is kept in the range of three to six-foot by trimming. The indoor weeping fig improves air quality by removing toxins.
The weeping fig doesn’t require much attention to grow as it quickly grows in a pot having moist soil placed in bright indirect sunlight. If you put the plant in a sunny area, then make sure this place gets some shade in the afternoon. It is advised to water the indoor weeping fern regularly.
But during the fall to the winter season, it can be allowed to dry because it gets moisture from the humid climate. Indoor weeping fig is very active in improving air quality by removing toxins.
The weeping fig is easy to grow even in a pot having moist soil placed in bright light but not directly facing the sun. It is best to place the plant in a shady area.
It is advised to water the plant daily but can dry during the autumn to winter. The plant’s leaves may fall due to some common pests attacks such as aphids, whitey, and bugs.
The best place for the plant is a semi-shady area with plenty of bright light. The weeping fig doesn’t like to be moved to another site and starts shedding its leaves. The soil having high nutrients is not the requirement of a weeping fig.
Steadily moist soil is necessary for this indoor plant cultivation. If watering is more than adequate, it will also start to drop its leaves and may even suffer root rot. A consistent watering schedule is also necessary to maintain.
The optimum temperature for the indoor weeping fig lies in the range of 65 to 70°F during the night. But the optimum temperature varies during daytime from 75 to 85°F. During summer, avoid using large AC as the temperature falls, then weeping figs may suffer. High humidity is preferable for seeking figs.
In contrast to other indoor plants, weeping figs require plenty of best fertilizer during the whole season of growth. Regardless of all the ideal conditions, if the plant leaves are still falling, provide some magnesium and manganese to the plant.
6. Spider Plant
The spider plant is called so because of its leaves spreading like a spider’s web. The other names for spider plants are ribbon plants, spider ivy, and airplane plants. The original habitat of the spider plant was South Africa. There is no difficulty in the cultivation of spider plants.
The plant can survive within a wide range of circumstances and only suffers from a few challenges. Spider plant has long green leaves with white margins on them.
Spider plant produces white flowers along with baby spider plants known as pups in summer. The indoor spider plants have the air-purifying ability, therefore well known for their benefits.
Spider plants flourish well in the presence of bright indirect sunlight and best-drained soil. Carefully water the plant but make it soggy, which will lead to root rot. The preferable light ranges from medium to bright.
Moist soil is significant to enhance the growth of spider plants during the dry seasons of summer and spring. The best temperature to work for this indoor plant is 55-80°F.
During the summer and spring seasons, make sure to fertilize the houseplant twice a month. But one should avoid excessive use of fertilizers.
Low humidity, dry soil, fluoride, or chlorine in the water doesn’t prove good for plant growth.
If the leaves of the spider plant start to turn brow, don’t be worried. The brown color is only the result of the building up of salt due to the presence of flourish in water. It is reversible by providing the plant with thorough watering that will help to eliminate the excess salts. Don’t forget to drain out the excess water.
Each year you have to change the pot size of the spider plant because of its fair growth rate.
7. Peace Lily
The flower of the peace lily resembles the Lili family but is not precisely true lilies. The flowers of the peace lily have a fresh white color.
Peace lilies are present in different types and ranges of sizes. It is best for indoor gardening as it purifies the air in which we breathe.
The care of the peace lily is also natural and pleasure-giving. A home becomes graceful with the presence of indoor peace lily. Like other plants, this indoor plant also blossoms during the spring season. However, it can even bloom during autumn if you care about it very well.
Peace lily prefers partially shaded light and is resistant to fluorescent light. If the leaf color changes to yellow, it shows that light is more vigorous than the need. But the brown color of leaf indicates that leaves scorched due to direct sunlight exposure.
If the tips of the leaves turn brown, it means excessive watering, fertilizing, and insufficient humid air.
Wait for the best time to water the peace lily that is when they slightly droop. The indoor peace lily is easy to care for as it tells the owner that it needs water by sagging. In winter, indoor peace lily doesn’t demand much water.
Avoid chlorinated water to your indoor plant, although peace lily is comparatively more resistant to pest attack than other indoor plants.
The perfect temperature ranges from 65-85°F for the proper growth of peace lily. It’s difficult for the plant to tolerate a temperature below 45°F. Make sure to keep your peace lily away from any cooling or heating equipment.
ASPCA has listed the peace lily as the houseplant that proves poisonous for cats. The pet’s mouth and ultimately stomach will be disturbed due to the oxalates that the plant contains. The animal immediately stops eating peace lily as feels irritation after the first bite; therefore, severe poisoning doesn’t happen.
Peaceful lilies are also poisoning to dogs. So, it’s essential to place peace lily away from the approach of cats, dogs, and small children to avoid any severe problem.
8. Aloe Vera
Aloe vera is an essential indoor plant that is also useful for medicinal purposes having great benefits. It is entirely safe to use aloe vera either directly from the source plant or in the form of gel from the market.
It is not only used as a mother from sunburns but also plays a role in making your skin more radiant.
In addition to the use of plants for ornamental purposes, the aloe vera gel is also helpful for home remedies. The aloe vera gel helps in wound dealing and skin burns.
Aloe vera gel is also beneficial in reducing acne and redness of the skin. Eating aloe vera helps improve the digestive system. However, excess use of aloe vera for eating purposes can cause kidney damage.
Aloe vera is useful for many other different purposes, e.g., hair conditioner, land to remove makeup, etc. Aloe vera is used to reduce oral plaque as mouthwash and toothpaste. Aloe vera is also useful in healing anal fissures.
The suitable place to keep the aloe vera plant is a bright and sunny area. If someone places it in poor light conditions, it will stop growing by entering a dormant phase. Heavy watering is vital at least once within two weeks after the soil has completely dried. The plant can suffer root-rot in the presence of excessive moisture.
Aloe vera being a succulent plant can withstand dry conditions. The leaves turning to brown also shows the action of over-watering. For better growth, overexposure to sunlight should also avoid. One can add fertilizer to aloe vera, but generally, they don’t need it.
If someone wants to fertilize aloe vera, he should add fertilizers once in a year during the spring season. The preferred fertilizer contains water-soluble phosphorus.
9. Dragon Tree
The dragon tree is an impressive plant used commonly for indoor gardening. The plant has stiff green leaves having a red edge, and the gray stem is narrow, slender in shape. Flowers and berries scarcely seem on indoor plants. If the flower appears, they will be white.
When someone is new at experiencing indoor gardening, in this case, to grow a dragon tree is perfect. The plant is very modest to cultivate indoors. When the dragon tree is grown indoors, it can grow up to 6 feet or less. The dragon tree is tolerant of a wide temperature ranges.
The indoor dragon tree is extensively resistant to dry and harsh conditions having an aggressive root system. The best situation is indirect exposure to a lot of light.
The perfect indoor plant helps to minimize the pollution of the air by removing harmful substances. During the cold season, it has slightly restricted to heavy watering.
Although the indoor dragon tree shows the best growth in bright light, yet it can also live in less light. But the intensity of light affects the growth of the plant.
In the dim light, the growth process slows down, showing leaves of smaller size. But avoid placing your grandson tree in direct sunlight because it will burn its leaves.
The soil should be moist in a pot of comparatively large size for the best growth of its root system. The appearance of brown tips on the leaves is an indication of over-watering or excessive nutrients. Always make sure to water the dragon tree with distilled water or non-chlorinated or fluorinated water.
The indoor dragon plant doesn’t require many fertilizers. Don’t fertilize the tree during the cold. An adequate amount of fertilizer is optional to add during spring.
The optimum temperature for the dragon tree is 79-80°F. Humidity plays a role in growth, so don’t forget to mist the plant using a spray bottle. The plant is easily vulnerable to thrips, scale, and spider mites.
The dragon tree is particularly harmful to cats and dogs but not for humans. The cats often chew the plant’s leaves containing toxic alkyds. The results are in the form of vomiting and unnecessary salivation.
10. Chinese Money Plant
Chinese money plant is not natural to propagate, but it’s also attractive and beautiful. The plant looks very graceful when placing it against a white wall. The other name for the Chinese money plant is a missionary plant. The habitat of this indoor plant is the Yunnan province of China.
Like most indoor plants, the Chinese money plant also likes bright but indirect sunlight. The growth season of the indoor plant starts from spring and ends till autumn. The critical point to know is never ignoring to rotate the main stem regularly.
The soil should be well-drained and moist. During the warmer season, water the plant moderately but never does over-watering. The existence of white spots on the plant shows the presence of chemicals and excessive salts in your water.
Therefore, use filtered or distilled water for watering the plant. However, if you don’t have filtered water, fill a container with tap water and keep it for the whole night that will help to settle down the chemicals at the bottom.
The temperature should not fall below 13°C; otherwise, the Chinese money plant will be unable to grow correctly. So, avoid putting the plant in cold places. The plant will suffer root-rot in excessively moist conditions and low light.
The indoor plant tends to grow very tall if it is allowed but don’t spread too much. It occasionally produces flowers, but they are not showy.
The Chinese money plant needs fertilizer to grow well; therefore, add fertilizer to a specific limit in the growth season once in each month. But don’t over-fertilize the attractive Chinese money plant.
Chinese money plant is not at all hazardous to cats or dogs. The plant is also safe for children. In case if your pet shows much interest in the plant, then you should move the indoor plant to some other suitable place.