Lettuce leaves are considered a superfood due to the rich composition of vitamins.
In this article, we’ll analyze the best places to grow lettuce.
Growing Lettuce In The Open Field
In summer, lettuce can be grown in the open field. To get fresh greens by autumn, sow every 14 days. Choose varieties by maturity:
- Late maturation
Information on sowing and harvesting dates is indicated on the seed package. Each variety has its own characteristics: strictly follow growers’ recommendations on planting dates.
How To Sow Lettuce In The Open Field
- Make grooves about 1-2 cm deep.
- It is recommended to leave the space between the seeds of 1-1.5 cm.
- The distance between the rows is 15-20 cm.
- Smooth the soil and water it well.
- To speed up germination in the first days, cover the crops with a film.
Follow standard care procedures (similar to a greenhouse): water, loosen the soil, remove weeds. When the plants grow, dissolve them several times, leaving 15-20 cm at the end.
Growing Lettuce At Home In Winter On A Window Sill
To get lush greenery in the winter, you can make a small garden on a window sill or a covered balcony. Growing lettuce leaves indoors is not difficult and even inexperienced gardeners can handle it.
Soil Preparation And Sowing Tanks
Deep tanks are needed – about 35 cm. Take the soil, rotten manure, and peat. Then mix them in equal proportions. Use nitro phosphate and urea as fertilizer.
Be sure to place a drainage layer on the bottom of the tank (expanded clay, fine gravel, walnut shells can be used).
Growing Lettuce In A Greenhouse
Since lettuce is a cold-resistant plant, it is possible to start growing it in a greenhouse in early spring. And if the greenhouse is heated, it’s also possible in winter.
In general, sowing lettuce seeds can be done at a temperature of 5-6 ° C. But seedlings can withstand light frost down to -2°C. The optimum temperature for good growth is 20°C.
You can further protect the lettuce from death or poor germination. It is necessary to prepare for greenhouse planting in the early spring.
See Also: Best 6 Grow Lights For Greenhouse
First of all, they prepare the ground for the fall. Then apply organic fertilizer, which will level the soil to a slightly acidic or neutral. If the soil is acidic, then lime can be added to normalize it.
In addition to organic matter, the soil in the greenhouse can be fed potassium chloride (15 grams per 1 square meter of soil) and superphosphate (40 grams per 1 square meter of soil).
To apply the fertilizer to the deeper layers of the soil, they are carefully dug in the greenhouse, leveled, and left alone until early spring.
As soon as weather conditions allow (the greenhouse temperature does not fall below zero even at night), lettuce can be planted. Planting can usually be done in late March. Leaf lettuce is planted directly into the ground.
Planting greens in the greenhouse is carried out in well-sifted soil. Each subsequent row is sown 10cm apart and to a depth of 1-2 cm. You should give about a month for lettuce to grow.
If you want to get a fresh salad regularly, repeat planting every 2 weeks.
As you know, the weather is very changeable in the spring, so if it starts to cool down again and the temperature starts to drop below zero, you should mulch the landing sites with a little humus.
It is necessary to water the greenery – once or twice a week. The water must not be warm. When watering, make sure that water does not fall on the leaves.
Where To Grow Roman Lettuce?
In the open ground, in June, Romain lettuce is sown at a depth of not more than 1 cm. The distance between rows should not exceed 30-45 cm.
Where To Grow Iceberg Lettuce?
To grow Iceberg lettuce in the open field, you need to choose the right soil. The most suitable are purulent areas with good drainage, as well as all the necessary mineral supplements. The soil must be moderately moist and not too acid.
In the greenhouse, the temperature during the day is between 12 and 15 degrees and higher than +5 ºC at night. Ventilation is mandatory, especially at high temperatures. High temperatures cause the salad to create soft and loose heads that are susceptible to diseases.