Many of us are avid gardeners, but we may not know everything about succulents. It is hugely beneficial for us to know about what can cause our succulents to develop bumps. Seeing bumps on our plants can cause concern, and many of us would worry about what these bumps are.
In this article, we will look at what can cause our succulents to develop bumps. We will also be looking at how we can prevent and treat this occurrence. After reading this article, you will know all you need to grow and cultivate healthy succulent leaves.
Mealy Bugs And The Formation Of Bumps
Garden pests are present in most gardens, and where there is a garden that houses succulents, there is a chance of a mealybug infestation. If you don’t know what to look for, your succulents could suffer or even die.
Mealybugs are among the most common pests to afflict your succulent and cause bumps to arise on your plant. These insects are minuscule with a length of two to three millimeters. These bugs are named for the mealy, waxy substance that they secrete. The residue will almost appear cotton-like.
These bugs can also leave bumps, dents, and ridges on your succulents if left to infest a succulent long enough. Due to this bug’s secretions, your succulents leaves become susceptible to fungal and bacterial diseases and infections.
This can potentially lead to the formation of bumps on the leaves of your succulents.
Mealybugs can become a severe issue if you do not address them. Your succulents could suffer numerous bumps before you can identify the culprit. Luckily there are preventative measures and solutions to mealybug infestations.
How To Prevent And Treat A Mealy Bug Infestation
Mealybugs may be one of the most common pest types to cause bumps to your succulent, but they are also the easiest to address and fix. You won’t need much to clear up an infestation.
To prevent mealybugs from attacking your succulents, you should always check over and monitor your plants. Look out for signs of the secretion that occurs with mealy bugs. Otherwise, you can use a preventative pesticide.
If you have discovered a mealybug infestation and bumps have appeared on the leaves, there are ways to eliminate the bugs and restore the succulent leaves to health. You will need an earbud or cotton tip and some rubbing alcohol. Remember to dilute the alcohol so that the solution isn’t too strong. Wherever you see the secretions apply the mixture to the succulent leaves and the bugs.
Should you prefer a more straightforward method, you can place the diluted rubbing alcohol in a spray bottle and spritz this directly onto the affected succulent leaves. You can also put a weak form of dish soap in the spray bottle, and use this.
Whether you use rubbing alcohol or dish soap, you will not harm the leaves of your succulents, and the bumps should go away.
Your mealybug infestation may have become a horrible case, and you might have to do a few treatments for the bumps to disappear. The potting soil should also be changed when you conduct these treatments, and you will need to use the solution on the roots.
You may also be better off isolating the plant so that the mealybugs do not transfer to the leaves of your other succulents.
Why Is This Important?
If you know that mealybugs are the cause of the bumps on your succulents’ leaves, you can quickly and effectively treat the plant. Therefore the plant won’t deteriorate or die.
Cochineal Scale And The Formation Of Bumps
The scale is possibly the second most prevalent garden pest that affects succulent leaves and causes bumps. Scale presents itself as white fuzzy lumps or bumps on succulent leaves. This parasite does pierce the skin of your succulents’ leaves and steal the water and juices from it.
Note that you also get an armored scale whose bumps will appear more hardened and more attached to the succulents leaves. If your plant is left unattended, this parasite can cause more harm than just bumps on the succulent’s leaves.
How To Prevent And Treat Cochineal Scale
As with most pests, you can prevent scale from attacking your succulents’ leaves and forming bumps by monitoring your succulents. Additionally, you can also keep your succulents in a controlled environment or use non-harmful pesticides.
Luckily scale is easy to spot and easier to treat. To treat the common cochineal scale or the armored variety scale, you don’t need expensive solutions.
You would need to start by simply removing any of the visible scales and wash them away with a hosepipe or spray bottle. This method should eliminate the bumps on the succulent’s leaves and altogether resolve the scale problem.
Should the scale remain present after attempting to wash them away, you will need to progress to treating the bumpy leaves with rubbing alcohol. Like treating other pests such as mealybugs, you can use cotton wool or a spray bottle to apply the solution and treat the bumps.
If the scale remains after these treatments, you may need to do a few more of them. You will also need to try and isolate the plant. After a few treatments, the scale problem will be resolved, and in no time, you will have healthy succulent leaves.
Why Is This Important?
If you can identify scale as the cause of the bumps on your succulent leaves, you will know how to treat and prevent the problem from occurring in the future.
Edemas And The Formation Of Bumps
Edemas can often cause raised bumps on succulent leaves. Sometimes these bumps can be brown or the same color as your succulents leaves. The edemas can cause the bumps to be a variety of sizes.
Edemas can become a genuine concern as they often lead to rotting, and the bumps on the leaves of your succulents can get progressively worse due to this.
You may be wondering what exactly edemas are. Well, edemas are bumps that form when you’re succulent absorbs too much water. Another possible reason for edemas to be forming bumps on your succulent leaves is if you don’t have proper drainage or are using the wrong soil type.
Succulents don’t require very nutrient-rich soil that uses a lot of water. Overwatering your plant is not only going to cause bumps but can cause other long term issues.
How To Prevent And Treat Edemas
Preventing and treating edemas that cause bumps is very easy. To prevent edemas, you need to be careful not to overwater your succulent. Too much water will cause your plants’ leaves to break out in bumps.
Too little water could kill your succulent, so always to keep this in mind. Depending on the species of succulent you have, you will have to water accordingly.
Additionally, as we now know, Edemas are also caused by too much water in the soil. You always need to use the correct potting mix for your succulents. Should you address the water and soil problems, you are sure to prevent future edemas.
You should also be able to get rid of the bumps you potentially have on your succulent leaves.
Why Is This Important?
Knowing the best water and soil practices will save your succulents leaves from bumps and other afflictions in the future.
In conclusion, bumps on succulents are often caused by different pests and incorrect water and soil practices. These issues are easily prevented, and you can often resolve the issue with minimum effort and time spent. If you decide to follow the advice in this article, your succulents’ leaves will not develop bumps.
You will know also know how to cure your succulents of their bump affliction.