Transplanting is the process of moving a plant from one location to another. Replanting or transplanting usually involves transferring a seedling from a nursery bed – a place of optimum conditions.
Transplanting too early can expose the seedling to adverse conditions for which it is not ready to withstand.
So you must know when the seedling is big enough to be transplanted. Here is a guide for you on when to promote those seedlings out of nursery beds.
When To Transplant Tomatoes
By now, your tomato seedling must have more than three leaves. It should be around 4 to 5 inches tall. The spacing of the tomato seedlings is a crucial factor to be considered. Depending on the tomato species, either dwarf or the full size, there must be space for trellising.
Two feet apart should be good enough space for them. Stakes should be put into the soil before the planting to prevent damage to the roots.
Since tomato stem sprouts roots when buried, you should bury as much stem as possible. The seedlings should be planted with about two-thirds of the stem buried.
It is best to do the transplanting on a cold day, early morning, or later in the evening. Remember to add a layer of mulch around each plant after you have watered them.
When To Transplant Cucumber
Once your cucumber seedlings have between two to three true leaves, then it’s about time to transplant. Make holes for the transplant that can well accommodate the roots of the seedlings. It is easier to use the seedling pea pot’s size or your seedling bag to judge the hole size.
After making the hole, carefully remove the base of the pea pot or seedling container. Then meticulously remove all the boxes. Without damaging the roots, place the cucumber seedling in the hole. Cover the seedling with soil or compost.
When To Transplant Kale
At about 6 weeks after sowing, kale seedlings should be ready for transplant. The seedling will be about 9 inches high with around 4 true leaves. The plants are to be spaced 6 inches within rows.
Make a hole with a dibber or a stick. Then place the seedling carefully into the hole. Cover with soil and water the seedling.
When To Transplant Lettuce
The lettuce seedling should be about 2 to 3 inches tall before you transplant them. Once the hardening and soil preparations are in place, then replanting can be done. It is best done in the late afternoon when the sun is down.
For proper hydration of the roots, water the seedlings well before the process. Gently push the seedlings out of their packs by removing the base. Guide the young lettuce plant into the hole and push it well into the soil just slightly lower than it. Water the seedling well.
When To Transplant Basil
One or more true leaves, height, and time from germination can be used to know when to transplant basil. At heights of at least 3 inches and about two to three true leaves is a good time.
All this should be in place at about the fifth week after germination.
The seedling is best transplanted when the temperature is mild, morning or at night. They are planted with 3 inches spacing.
When To Transplant Pepper
After about seven weeks of germination is a good time for transplanting pepper seedlings. They should be about 7 inches tall now. Hardening the seedlings is necessary as pepper is very sensitive to environmental shock.
Since pepper requires warm soil for proper growth, the soil should be warm to about 65oF before transplanting. The stem of pepper seedlings does not grow roots like tomatoes. Thus, the stems should not be buried.
When To Transplant Carrot
When carrot seedlings are one to two weeks old, they are big enough for transplanting. Because of transplant shock, it is best to transplant in the morning or on a cloudy day. The soils should be prepared, the lumps should be broken. Carrots require well-drained soil for good growth.
The seedlings are transplanted into trenches of about 3 inches deep, about the same depth as the seedling pot. The seedlings are wetted before transplanting so that the root can hold to the soil well.
It is best to remove the seedlings with the soil and root together. Set them carefully into the trenches and cover with soil to the top of the soil around the seedling.
When To Transplant Beetroot
The leaves of the beet seedlings should be about 2 inches long before transplanting. This should be between 2 to 3 weeks after germination.
For the transplanting, make holes of about the same size as the seedling plugs. Never pull the seedlings out from the top to preserve the root.
If the seedlings were planted in a nursery bed, you could remove them with a hand trowel. Ensure caution so that the roots are not damaged in the process. Beet is best transplanted when the temperature is low; early morning is best.
Now That You Know
Transplanting is not just a ritual that is practiced for some plants. These plants like tomato, lettuce, kale, cucumber, and others are best planted in beds. This makes transplanting a crucial process.
It is when these seedlings are transferred to the garden that they will have enough space to grow. They will then be able to flower and ultimately produce fruits. It will also make it easier for each plant to access nutrients in a wider space.
Now that you know all this, it is time to leave the words and get to the action. Get into your garden and prepare for some transplanting!