Many farmers are interested in cultivating their plants indoors. However, planting indoors requires thorough plans and preparations, arranging the grow room and all the necessary equipment.
Indoor growing has proved to be an effective and organized method for minimization of the cost of farming.
Compact design and strategic planning, with suitable equipment, will create efficiency and cost-effective grow room.
Did you know, that you can build an efficient grow room in your shed? Building the perfect grow room would require you to consider salient points.
Factors to consider when building grow room in a shed
Grow Room Design
The design and structure of your grow room are crucial to the performance of your plants. Having a detailed drawing and sketch will ensure that you construct the shed in an organized approach.
Utilizing every space available to erect your grow room should be the priority of your plan.
Before purchasing all the equipment needed in the grow room, the design needs to put in place to accommodate all the equipment. Electricity consumption in the shed should also be considered.
This would help prevent any sort of fire outbreak. Also, incorporate the plumbing system in your blueprint for ease of water distribution on the farm.
Endeavor to avoid including excessive materials that can infest the farm with pests and any other thing that may be harmful to the crops.
When building your grow room, it is recommended that you list all the items that will be needed.
Planting crops indoors with the provision of artificial lighting is the principal purpose of growing plants indoors so that they can produce their food.
Therefore, the room setup must be designed in such a way that the rays of the sun are not allowed inside.
This is achieved using light leaks and opaque tapes to seal every area of the grow room to prevent light penetration from outside.
You can confirm if you have sealed off every leak by turning off the grow lights, this will aid you to see any place that is not sealed correctly.
Every grow room needs reflective surfaces to increase the effect of the light on the plants.
Reflective surfaces help to enhance the productivity of the plants when the position and arrangement are made appropriately.
Some reflective surfaces that you can use include:
This is the most effective reflective surface accessible in the market. They have the efficiency of reflecting over 95% of light rays that fall on them.
Mylar is produced in varying forms; howbeit, the form that is made from the aluminum metal has a more reflective effect.
Mylar is usually placed flat on the walls of the grow room and then held firmly by the use of tapes. This way, they reflect more light rays.
Ensure that you do not touch them often; they easily tear when there is much contact.
Using this has the reflective surface in your grow room can be a better substitute if you intend to save money.
Though the market price for this is low, it reflects about 85% of light. White paint has an advantage that no hotspot is formed because it does not have light-absorbing qualities.
Another type of reflective surface to incorporate in your grow room are emergency blankets. They are the most affordable reflective surfaces you can purchase.
The reflection of the light efficiency of emergency blankets is 70%.
However, this reflective surface forms a hotspot due to its light-absorbing properties and, this can cause deformation in the plants.
Ensure that the walls are flat before placing the emergency blankets to limit excessive light leakage.
This is an integral aspect of the building of grow rooms. When constructing an indoor shed for your plants, you need to make provision for light, which is vital for the plant to survive. The grow lights are different from the usual household lights; the lights used to grow plants are expected to offer full spectrum. Some grow lights to choose from when building a grow room include:
- Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFL): These lights are mainly used when you are cultivating seeds. They do not provide enough light necessary to support the full growth of plants.
- High-Pressure Sodium (HPS) Lights: The HPS lights offer enough light intensity in the orange spectrum, and they are more effective during the flowering stage of plants.
- Metal Halide (MH) Lights: This light is recommended for use during the vegetation phase. It produces sufficient light in the blue spectrum.
- Light-emitting Diode (LED) Lights: This is the best grow light that is available in the market. It is suitable for every phase of growth, flowering, and vegetation, in plants because they produce an adequate quantity of light. LED lights are also energy efficient. This grow light does not produce heat inside the grow room because it does not become hot when in use.
The installation and positioning of the grow lights when building the shed is vital to the growth of the plant. You can use a hood to concentrate the rays of the lights on the plants directly. When using metal halide and High-pressure sodium lights, it is advised that you use hoods with coolers, because they tend to heat up fast.
This equipment helps to turn on and off lights automatically at the set time. Probably, you may have your mind engrossed on other things and forget to turn off your lights.
The electrical timer can help you do that. This helps to regulate the hours of light required by the plants in each phase of their growth.
At some point, you will need to circulate the air is the grow room to remove the excess heat. In building your growing shed, it is important to integrate a suitable ventilation system that regulates the CO2. This helps to maintain the humidity and clean air within the shed. It also reduces the risk of your plants having disease occurrences. Some components of a standard ventilation system include:
- Oscillating Fan: This aids in the distribution of air in the room to prevent the generation of hotspots within the shed that may affect the growth of the plants.
- Carbon Filter: Some plants like marijuana discharges smell that can be unfriendly. Using a carbon filter will help limit or possibly prevent such smell.
- Exhaust Fan: To enhance plant growth and clean air in the shed, it is necessary to introduce fresh air into the grow room. Installing an exhaust fan will help release the air within the shed every 3 – 4 minutes, hence maintaining fresh CO2 in the shed for plant growth.
- Air intake: For an adequate ventilated grow room, an air intake valve or suction pipe is required. This is to replace the old air discharged by the exhaust fan.
Thermometer, humidity meter, and pH meter
These meters help to measure the temperature, humidity, and PH level within the shed. You must have these measuring devices when considering building a grow room so that you can regulate the parameters.
You should strictly focus on this significant aspect when building a shed. There should be channels for easy flow of water to reach all the plants in the grow room.
The water supplied to the plants should also be carefully monitored; the water should not contain excess minerals as this can damage the plants.
You can add certain chemicals to boost the acidity or alkalinity of the water as it may be required. If the water is too acidic, you can use lime.
When high in alkaline, you can add phosphoric acid to the water to regulate the PH level.
Why should you build your grow room in a shed?
Are there any benefits of arranging your grow room in a shed? Yes, of course, there are reasons why building a grow room in a shed is beneficial to you. Some of these reasons are:
Available storage: An additional storage room is the most glaring advantage of growing your plants in a shed. Some sheds can have extra spaces to store both your garden materials and equipment as well as other objects. If you can even store your barbecue items in the shed. This extra space to keep things creates more room for your garage and living space.
Increased property value: The worth of your home increases in value with an extra storage room. So, if at any time you would want to sell your house, ensure you maintain the shed properly, this will prove to be a good investment.
Space for activities: A shed can also provide extra space for other activities. For instance, you can do your barbecue there.
A summerhouse: Another benefit of having a shed is that it could serve as an extra room for guests during the summer period.
Building a grow room in a shed – conclusion
If you need to build a shed grow room for your plants, you can be certain to construct a productive one when you follow the steps outlined above.
Integrating the listed equipment will optimally enhance the growth of plants.
However, it is advised that you use the LED lights and the aluminum form of Mylar in your shed; they are more appropriate.
Also, you need to ensure that you maintain good hygiene and cleanliness routine in the grow room. Avoid littering the shed with materials that can inhibit the growth of the plants.
Disinfect the walls of the room. This also helps to control pests, insects, and diseases.
Similarly, try not to use carpets in the grow room. This breeds mold and dust that can be harmful to you and the plants.
You can use a hard floor that will be easy to maintain, even with water spills. When building your grow room, ensure that there is proximity from the site to good water supply and constant electricity supply.