Replanting a pineapple is a relatively easy task, but requires a bit of patience. Pineapple can be grown outdoors or indoors. Though known as tropical fruits, they do well in non-tropical climates. Warmer areas tend to produce high-quality fruits compared to cold areas.
What’s more, the plants do not need a lot of water. Pineapple takes several years to mature, and there are several ways to plant them. They are planted using the stem or crown as well as seedlings. In this guide, we will explore how to replant a pineapple from a top and how to replant a mini pineapple.
How To Replant A Pineapple Top
Pineapples are known for their sweet juice. Having a backyard garden is a surefire way of saving on buying the fruit from the local grocery.
Here are 7 steps on how to replant a pineapple top:
Step 1: Buy A Fresh And Healthy Whole Pineapple
Visit the local grocer and select an evenly ripe and healthy pineapple fruit. Ensure the leaves are green and still attached to the top or crown. Fruits with yellow leaves should be avoided. This is a sign of being overripe or pest infection.
Step 2: Cut Off The Top Or Crown
Cut the crown or top-bottom off with a very sharp knife. Clean the crown bottom by ensuring there is not fruit flesh at the bottom of the crown. This helps speed uprooting. Any flesh left might cause the entire pineapple top to rot.
Clean the crown bottom by slicing until some brown dots appear on the stalk. These are the roots waiting to sprout. These start growing once the top is exposed to water.
Step 3: Cleaning Leaves From Stalk
Cleaning the leaves from the stalk of the crown is very important. This is where the stalk goes into the soil when planting. This should be approximately an inch in length. The leaves can be pulled off using the fingertips.
Step 4: Drying The Pineapple Top
Growing a pineapple calls for patience, and drying the top takes a few days. This helps in reducing the chances of rotting. At the same time, it helps in healing the cut wounds. A dry crown produces roots faster than a freshly cut one.
Step 5: Replanting Pineapple Top
The actual planting is the easy part. This can be done in a pot for the indoors or the backyard garden. However, to makes the top root fast, dipping the root end side in root enhancing hormone is advisable but not a must.
Plant the pineapple top at least one inch deep in the soil. Gently press down the surrounding soil to firm it.
Step 6: Watering The Pineapple Top
Pineapples do not do well in waterlogged soils. The stalk has a lot of water and should be watered lightly. All it needs is enough moisture. Spraying with a water bottle does the trick. Always check the soil and water only when it is dry.
At this stage, do not use any fertilizer. Let the pineapple top use the food stored in the stalk. Once the stem is overwatered, it might start rotting from the inside, with the leaves still maintaining a greenish color.
Step 7: Monitoring For Rooting
Give the pineapple root one to three months before rooting. Test rooting by tugging the top to see if the roots are holding to the soil. This should be done gently to avoid breaking the fragile roots.
However, when rooting begins, leaves will start growing from the crown center.
Pineapple maturity depends on the variety, climate, and how well they are taken care of. It might take approximately 24 months before it is mature or ready to harvest.
How To Replant A Mini Pineapple
It is easier to replant a mini pineapple compared to a top or grown one. Pineapple suckers, slips, or pups can be gotten straight from the farm of the nursery. Just like the top, get healthy suckers for your garden or indoor replanting.
Here are steps to take when replanting mini pineapples:
Step 1: Getting The Mini Pineapples
Visit a local pineapple farmer and get suckers or mini pineapples. They will be able to direct on the right “seed” to meet your needs. They will also advise on the suitable variety for your project.
Step 2: Cleaning The Mini Pineapple Stalk
Before planting, the pineapple stalk has to be cleaned. Pluck off the bottom leaves at least 1 inch (2.54 cm). This gives the mini plant space for roots to sprout.
Step 3: Replanting Mini Pineapple
Carefully inspect the mini pineapple tops and ensure the center is not broken. Dig a 1 to 2 inch (5.08 cm) hole and insert the sucker. Put the soil back and firm it for the sucker roots to hold firm.
Step 4: Watering The Mini Pineapple Sucker
Pineapple suckers come up in the form of the fruit and leaves. Watering should be minimal and excess water must be avoided; it may cause the rotting of the sucker. Put enough water to give the plant enough moisture at least once a week or when the soil is dry.
Step 5: Adding Manure To Compost (optional)
If the pineapple leaves change color to purple or reddish, it is a sign of underfeeding. Compost or mulch can be added at the bottom of the plant covering the base and lower leaves.
Step 6: Monitor The Growth
Once the roots start developing, the leaves start sprouting. This is a sign that replanted mini pineapple is getting enough nutrients, enough light, and the right amount of water.
Replanting a pineapple is easy, and after the first leaves appear, most of the work is done. They do not require a lot of attention. However, growers should have patience as the plant takes months to mature.
Apart from the dietary value that the fruit adds to the table, the plant also adds aesthetics when used indoors. They add an indoor character to homes and act as antioxidants, immunity boosters, and are used to ease digestive disorders.