Wondering why your seedlings are dying after sprouting?
You’ve come to the right place!
Nothing is more exciting than watching your seedlings sprout after you put much effort into preparing the best location and soil mix.
Unfortunately, the excitement might end when you notice signs of the seedlings dying after sprouting.
Sprouting is a transition point from seeds to plants.
If they are exposed to an unfavorable environment, they are likely to die.
Watching your seedlings die after sprouting can be very traumatizing as a plant lover.
Several reasons lead to sprouting seedlings dying.
As the adage goes, prevention is better than cure.
Due to their size, it might be challenging to detect any problem, but some symptoms will tell you something is wrong with your seedlings.
Here, we’ll discuss some causes of dying seedlings, their symptoms, and how to treat them.
Weak Stems or Leggy Sprouts
Weak stems or leggy sprouts are quite a common sight for gardeners.
Seedlings might sprout usually but still develop weak stalks.
When the stem cannot support the plant, it droops under the weight, which leads to the seedling dying if you do not take quick action.
Why Leggy Sprouts Occur
Leggy seedlings are often a result of insufficient light.
Light plays a critical part in germination and growth.
When you place them in a dark area, they will start competing for the available light, thus growing taller and forming weak stems.
The growth imbalance causes weak sprouts since they cannot absorb enough nutrients.
How To Fix Leggy Sprouts On Seedlings
If your seeding location does not have enough light indoors, you can move them outdoors or use the grow light.
Once they grow enough, you can relocate them.
Seedlings require enough light for healthy growth.
Place them near windows or the porch to avoid leggy sprouts.
Seedlings Damping Off After Sprouting
Seedlings damping off after sprouting is another problem common to many young plants.
This usually happens a few days after they germinate.
The symptoms are the stems becoming limp and eventually collapsing.
This results in the seedling dying but can be avoided if you detect it early.
Why Your Seedlings Are Damping Off
A fungal infection causes damping-off.
The symptoms are not obvious, and you must be very keen.
If you always keep the soil damp, expect damping off.
Fungi thrive in soils that are wet all the time.
They love soggy soils with minimal aeration making your pot or garden their breeding ground.
How To Fix Seedlings Damping Off
When damping-off occurs, you might be unable to reverse it since the damage is already done.
The best fix is to avoid it altogether.
All you need to do is avoid over-watering your seedlings.
If the seedlings are potted, ensure the pot has sufficient drainage at the bottom, and the soil mix suits the plant.
Seedlings Dying Due to Inadequate Temperatures
Seedlings dying due to exposure to the wrong temperature is very common.
Seedlings require a specific climate to sprout and thrive, which goes hand in hand with moisture in the soil mix.
High or low temperatures might prevent seeds from germinating.
Even when they do, the soil heat might burn the stem, killing them after a few days.
Why Temperature Affects Seedlings
Goldilocks seeds, for example, require the right temperature to germinate and thrive.
If the soil temperature is incorrect, the seedlings might not germinate, and the few that do will not survive the new environment.
Extreme temperatures are not ideal for sprouting seedlings.
This is not only for goldilocks but other seedlings like carrots and lettuce, which like cold temperatures.
How To Fix Improper Temperatures
Different plants do well in other climates.
It is essential to look for the proper sprouting temperatures before planting.
Some seedlings love humid locations, while others germinate in cool areas.
Once you get the temperature right, your seedlings will sprout and mature healthily.
Sprouting Seedlings Dying Due to Fungus Gnats
Fungus gnats are very destructive organisms when it comes to sprouting seedlings.
They attack the seedlings when they are about a week old.
You will notice the gnats hovering around your seedlings.
The gnats also deposit larvae that end up killing your sprouting seedlings.
Why Do Gnats Love Sprouting Seedlings?
The fungus gnats are small flies that produce larvae and deposit them on your soil.
For these to hatch into new gnats, they feed on the roots of your seedlings.
They reproduce so fast that they can kill your garden seedlings within days.
Fungus Gnats and How To Fix Them
Introducing predators is one of the most effective ways to eliminate fungus gnats from your garden.
These will stop the gnats from feeding on the sprouting seedling roots.
Predators do not only eliminate the gnats but other garden pests as well.
The best predators are the nematodes since they eat gnat fungus larvae before they turn into adult gnats.
Additional Tips To Keep Seedlings From Dying After Sprouting
Use a Seed Starting Mix
Always begin with a seed starting mix.
Any container can be used, but peat pots and compostable materials allow easy insertion into the garden bed without damaging the roots.
Once seedlings have sprouted, you will be on your way to transplanting.
Harden Them Off
Plants grown from seed indoors are frequently grown in a controlled environment.
So, hardening your seedlings is a good way to help them develop resistance.
Moreover, hardening off is a simple process that improves and strengthens your plants.
Place the box (with your plants inside) in a sheltered, shaded area outside to harden them off.
Then, leave the box there for a few hours and bring it inside before the evening.
Repeat this procedure over the next few days, leaving the box protected for a little longer daily.
You can move the box to a sunny location once it has been outside for the entire day.
Seedling dying after sprouting is not specific to particular plant species – any seedling is at risk if neglected.
At the same time, seedlings need continuous attention when they sprout.
Providing your germinating seedling the right environment to thrive is the best gift you can give.
Furthermore, inspecting your seedlings from day one can save you time and money.
Do not wait until the last minute to protect your seedlings; some problems can be fixed once you notice them.
Addressing the early signs is the surefire way to ensure your seedlings mature healthily.