Compost is made from organic materials like vegetable waste, leaves, fruits, and stalks. The process of making compost is easy and high-quality compost must have fully decomposed organic materials.
Since most fertilizers are laced with chemicals, compost should be your first choice. Compost is environment friendly, and its ingredients are readily available on the farm. This cuts costs and nourishes your garden.
What Are Compost Uses?
Know as the garden “black gold”, organic compost has microbes that enable plants to flourish. It enriches the garden food web by adding important fungi and bacteria that allow earthworms to grow, thus aerating the soil.
Nutrients contained in compost rid the soil of common plant diseases as compared to artificial fertilizers.
Compost is like wine; the older it gets, the better. It is best when it is completely decomposed. This makes it stable, meaning the ingredients are no longer decomposing. Old compost is the best choice for any home gardener.
Homemade compost is the best since it is easy to tell what goes into it. There are various uses of compost. These are solely dependent on soil type and climatic conditions. Here are some uses of compost in the garden.
1. Potting Mix
Using compost as a potting mix is very common for gardens and indoor plants. To achieve the best results, mix compost with sand and soil to get a well-drained substance to put in your pots. Once you plant, you can use compost as the pot topsoil.
Well-drained soils are a suitable habitat for worms and other organisms that aid in plant growth. It also enables roots to expand, thus reaching more nutrients. Sand increases the aeration levels and should not be ignored.
2. Soil Conditioning
The process of making compost or composting ensures the materials used are all organic. These make it easy for plants to digest. They condition the soil by utilizing its humic substances. However, this depends on the nutrient content in the organic materials used to produce the compost.
Some compost materials are naturally rich in nutrients. Legumes add more nutrients to the soil and should not be avoided when choosing organic components for the compost pile. Remember, the goal of using compost is to enhance the nutrients in the soil.
3. Eradicating Plant Diseases
Garden plants are prone to various diseases. The use of Compost lowers the risks posed by soil-borne diseases. Thus cuts down on the cost of pesticides since plants are healthy and develop immune mechanisms at early stages.
Most of the flower garden diseases are found in the soil. Once these are taken through, the roots can severely affect plant development. Using the right amount of manure ensures the plant root system is healthy thus lowering the risks of diseases.
4. Mulching With Compost
Using compost when mulching works wonders in the garden; this only covers the topsoil. However, when it rains, the compost is washed and turned into a liquid that plants can absorb easily. This is called the brew compound tea, which feeds the plants slows while slowing down their blooming period.
Compost mulching is more than just adding nutrients for the plants. It increases water retention levels and creates an enabling environment for insects and worms to thrive thus creating an ecosystem in the home garden. Mulch rots with time and acts as additional manure for the plants.
5. Keeps Soils Natural
Compost does not contain any chemicals which degrade soil fertility over time. This means better yields are guaranteed over time. What’s more, it is aerobically decomposed, which is ideal for improving the soil pH.
To grow plants in a natural environment calls for the use of natural compost materials. Manure does not change soil properties. It enriches them instead and adds plant food to the soil.
6. Soil Loosening
Composed is used to loosen the soil. It creates a symbiotic ecosystem where pants and insects co-exist. Insects and living in the soil loosens it, thus playing a significant role in aerating it.
This makes it easy for plant roots to grow fast, thus accessing more nutrients resulting in healthy and strong plants.
7. Improving Soil Structure
Apart from balancing the soil pH, compost improves the soil structure. This makes plants develop strong root systems.
An elaborate root system gives garden plants ability to reach more nutrients as well as resisting uprooting by strong winds. This also reduces watering intensity.
8. Compost As Fertilizer
Compost is natural and has beneficial properties compared to chemically engineered fertilizers. There is no need to select specific compost for specific garden plans; it works for most of the plants grown in the backyard.
Many garden owners prefer home-made compost since it utilized locally recycled materials. It is also easy to manage, thus saving them time and money. It is also environment friendly since it does not harm organisms that thrive under the soil.
Compost is very safe to use indoors and outdoors. It works well with shrubs and trees as well. Irrespective of the soil, compost helps improve the soil and gives it the vitality that plants need to flourish.
When fully matured, it does not smell, making it ideal to use at home.
Lastly, when used with vegetables, compost does not in any way affect the consumer. Since it contains no chemicals, it is the best for kitchen gardens. What’s more, it creates a symbiotic ecosystem that is vital for plants and other organisms.
Blooms from gardens that are prepared using compost produce the best nectar for bees. Everything that goes into it is natural. With no chemicals added in its preparations, bees love the blooms, translating to the best cross-pollination in the garden.