Succulent plants have a thick structure that helps them in retaining water during drought and other harsh climatic conditions, like temperature increase.
Their drought-resistant properties make homeowners prefer succulents as opposed to the other ordinary indoor plants.
Also, many of the widely available succulents are characterized by their beauty and easy to maintain characteristics.
There are over a hundred different varieties of succulents in the universe, with each having its exceptional color and appearance.
The most common indoor succulent houseplant can include four species:
- Flaming Katy (kalanchoe blossfeldiana)
- Aloe Vera (aloe vera)
- Crown of Thorns (euphorbia milii)
- Roseum (sedum spurium)
Though most succulent plants are resistant to extremely harsh weather conditions, they are not resistant to certain diseases and complications.
In this article, we will look at one common problem facing most indoor and outdoor succulents. That is “bubbles formation on succulent leaves.”
Understanding Succulent Plants
Many factors might cause bubbles that form on the leaves of most succulents. It could be because of overwatering or infections from a fungal disease.
Also, it could be because of root infection. So, when maintaining a succulent plant, it should not be over or under watered.
Note that: Most succulent plants are sensitive to humidity. When there is too much humidity in the air, they will feel mushy and soggy.
To tell if you are under watering your succulent plants, you should notice the droopy and wilted leaves look. Dehydrated succulent leaves look yellowish and later turn brown.
Over-watered succulent plants, on the other hand, have soft and soppy leaves that may appear wrinkled.
A healthy succulent plant should be turgid (the leaves should not be dented or floppy in any way), and the plant should assume a slightly glossy, waxy finish. Also, the plant should have fat and pert green leaves.
Common Causes Of Bubble Infections On Succulent Leaves
Edema (oedema) is a common name that refers to either the blisters or bump growth on the undersides of lower or older leaves.
These bumps are crystal-like in appearance and can often be confused with other fungal and bacterium bump infections.
As much as overwatering could be the paramount cause of bubble formation, there are a few other underlying factors that can cause bubble infection.
- Suffocating plant pots that do not allow excess water to drain out
- Minimum light in the room
- Increase in humidity in the environment
Some of the blisters will not assume a whitish appearance. The blisters will be either red, purple, yellow, tan, or grey.
It is important to note that, depending on the color of the blister, you should be able to differentiate between which kinds are fungal caused and which kinds are water caused.
Prevention And Management
There are Long-standing and short-standing suggestions that can be used to manage the bubbles on succulent leaves.
These suggestions include:
- Increasing the amount of light intensity by spacing your succulent plants. All plants need light to produce the energy to grow well.
- If your succulent plants are kept in a vase/pot, make sure that it is well-drained. Well-drained pots will drain excess water once the soil is socked.
- Succulent plants do not need too much fertilizer. Some succulent plants are slow-growers and therefore require restricted nutrients for better growth.
- During the cool seasons, you should avoid over-watering your succulent plants. Also, when there is low lighting in the room, do not water your in-house plants a lot because of slow transpiration.
- If your succulent plants are growing inside the greenhouse, you should make sure that the room is adequately vented. There is usually high humidity inside most greenhouses.
- You should not plant different species of succulent plants on the same irrigation line/vase. This is because each species has different growth vigor and require different amounts of water.
For instance, the Haworthia is an exotic and slow-growing succulent plant that is beautiful on the front lawn. The Kalanchoe Blossfeldiana, on the other hand, is a relatively fast-growing succulent plant that needs continuous irrigation all through.
How Do We Treat The Bubbles On The Succulent Leaves?
If you notice the appearance of bubbles on your succulent plants, you should not wait until the condition deteriorates.
There are a few methods that you can use to eliminate this problem. Below are two crucial measures to try at home.
1. Adjust Your Watering Routines
When you notice the appearance of the bubbles, you need to adjust your watering habits immediately.
Overwatering is the ultimate problem that causes the appearance of these stubborn transparent blisters.
Good watering practice: Instead of giving your succulents sips of water regularly, try to provide them with enough soaking. Enough socking means giving water up to the point where the water drains through the round/square drainage holes located at the bottom of the pot.
Let the soil dry out completely after a few weeks before watering again.
If there is a saucer underneath the pot, make sure to empty it first.
2. Let The Succulent Plant Exposed To Direct Sunlight Without Water
Leaving a succulent plant out in the sunshine for extended periods not only helps it make its food. Exposure to direct sunlight increases the rate of transpiration in plants, including succulents.
When you leave the succulents out in the dry (between 5 to 7 days) without water, the excess water in the pot will evaporate, and the plant will start to gain its original form.
Succulents prefer high humidity levels because of their environmental adaptation. In winter, most succulents should not be excessively watered because of the reduced levels of humidity in the atmosphere.
To increase the succulents’ lifespan and boost its health, you need to watch its watering pattern keenly.
Identify the specific species you have in your home and know the amount of water needed for nominal growth.
Alternatively, make sure that the succulents are well maintained by adding fertilizer, manure, and other growth improvement products.