Conifer hedge plays a vital role in our homes and gardens. The hedge reduces noise pollution for individuals who live near busy roads.
Additionally, they cleanse the air by absorbing emissions, more so from the traffic.
Conifer hedges around the garden stop strong winds from eroding rich topsoil.
But like any other plant, they get attacked by diseases, insects, and adverse weather conditions.
If you notice that your conifer hedge is turning brown, don’t panic! Instead, try to find out what’s the reason behind it.
This will help you to deal with the cause of your conifer browning.
Don’t wait for the browning to spread further as it might kill your plant.
No matter how brown your conifer hedge becomes, you can still revive its dense and green appearance.
Without much ado! Let’s look at some of the causes of your conifer hedge going brown and what you can do about it. Continue reading to find out.
1. Over Trimming The Hedge
Trimming the hedge is essential as it ensures all the conifer receives a fair share of sunlight for even growth.
However, over trimming can cause more harm than good.
Avoid trimming your conifer up to the old wood. It will not regrow, which will make it brown.
Also, you should trim the conifer hedge in late winter or early summer when it is inactive.
Apart from over trimming the hedge, trimming it at the wrong time of the year can cause it to brown.
For instance, trimming the hedgerow during autumn, hot days, or prolonged drought.
This is a difficult period for your plant, and trimming it causes more stress, which leads to browning.
What To Do
In this case, you can prevent your evergreen from browning by trimming at the right time.
Also, you should avoid over-trimming. If you don’t know how to trim well, hire a professional to avoid damaging your hedge.
2. Insect Attack
So, if you don’t watch out for them, they will attack and kill your hedge.
Some insects feed on the foliage, while others suck the saps.
The popular insects that love feeding on the hedge include Cyprus aphids, juniper scale, spruce spider mites, and pine needle scale.
Cyprus aphids are famous for causing conifers to turn brown.
Their damage is usually noticed around late spring and summer.
Aphids love sucking the sap from the conifer needles, which turn brown when the damage is already done.
Nevertheless, you can still know that the aphids were around as they leave a sooty mold that develops on the sugary honeydew they produce.
Pine needle scale is another insect that attacks your conifer hedge.
Unlike Cyprus aphids, these will start by making your conifer needles change to yellow, then brown, and finally, fall off.
A pine needle scale infestation is straightforward to detect.
Typically, they feed on the needles and branches, which not only turn brown but also reduce in numbers.
Juniper scales are other culprits that can brown your conifer hedge.
Similar to Cyprus aphids, these insects suck out the sap from new buds, hence making it to brown.
If you see dirty white insects with a yellow center, appearing like a small fried egg on your conifer needles, then they are Juniper scales.
Spruce spider mites are common in the cold seasons of spring and fall.
They feed on conifer needles by using their piercing-sucking mouthparts to suck the sap out of the foliage.
Unlike other insects on this list, they are easy to detect as they leave behind silk threads on the conifer needles they feed on.
What To Do
The best way to salvage your conifer from an insect attack is to detect them early and get rid of them, Use insecticide or pesticides to remove them as soon as you see them.
Always monitor your hedgerow so that you don’t notice the damage when it’s late.
3. Adverse Weather Conditions
Another reason why your conifer hedge is turning brown might be due to bad weather. Extreme weather conditions such as cold, waterlogging, frost, cold, and prolonged droughts can wipe out your plant.
If the conifer hedge is not getting water in late summer, the needles will start to dry and turn brown.
On the other hand, during winter, the plant may lose moisture and dehydrate.
And since the soil does not contain any moisture to support the roots, the plant becomes inactive, and the several conifer needles turn to brown.
What To Do
All faith is not lost as you can still recover your plant after the cold season.
If the conifer needle browns but the part next to the branch stays green, it can regrow.
You will have to wait until winter is over and see what happens.
There are different diseases that attack conifer hedges.
The diseases can be viral, fungal, or bacterial.
Identifying whether a disease has attacked your hedgerow is quite challenging.
This is because most of them are tiny and can only be detected by examining their symptoms.
The diseases can attack the roots, stems, trunks, and even the needles.
Some of the common conifer diseases include needle cast and spruce needle cast.
The needle cast disease is easy to detect as it causes the conifer to shed their needles. When it attacks your plant, it stars by yellowing the needles before turning them to brown.
What To Do
The best way to get rid of the needle cast disease is by applying fungicide and removing the affected needles.
If you want a conifer hedge to continue protecting you from noise pollution and strong winds, then you will have to maintain it properly.
Ensure to inspect it regularly so that pests and diseases do not attack it.
Furthermore, trim it at the right time and don’t overdo it.
Also, prepare it for adverse weather conditions so that it does not suffocate and turn brown or even die.
Last but not least, make sure you get the right conifer hedge for your area.
With these tips, you should not let your conifer hedge to dry.
And if they dry without your knowledge, find out why and correct the issue before they damage a considerable part of your hedge.